The Paraná River Basin and Foz do Iguaçu

Foz do Iguaçu

Privileged by the diversity of attractions, Foz do Iguaçu presents itself as one of the most beautiful tourist destinations in the world and has incomparable natural riches, such as the Iguaçu National Park, where the Iguaçu Falls are located, recently elected one of the 7 wonders of nature.

The largest generator of clean and renewable energy of the planet is also at Foz: the Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Plant, considered one of the seven marvels of modern engineering. In the Iguaçu destination, there are also great options for ecotourism, shopping in Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina, as well as cultural tours. All this, amidst a variety of more than 72 ethnicities, make up the multicultural profile of the three borders.

The Paraná River Basin

Map of the Paraná River BasinThe Paraná River Basin is one of the twelve hydrographic regions of the Brazilian territory.

The region covers an area of 879,860 km², distributed in seven units of the country: Minas Gerais, Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, São Paulo, Paraná, Santa Catarina and Distrito Federal.

The Paraná basin is the most industrialized and urbanized region of the country. It is home to almost a third of the Brazilian population, with the metropolitan areas of São Paulo, Campinas and Curitiba as the main urban centers.

It is the river basin with the largest installed capacity of electric energy in the country and also the one with the highest demand. Of particular note are the Itaipu, Furnas, Porto Primavera among others.

The Paraná River runs approximately in the central axis of the Paraná Basin, a large sedimentary basin with an area of about 1.5 million km² and located in the center-east part of South America, covering the northeast of Argentina, the south-central part of Brazil, the eastern part of Paraguay and northern part of Uruguay.

Iguaçu Falls

Iguaçu means "great water" in the Tupi-Guarani language. The Falls are formed by the falls of the Iguaçu River, on the border of Brazil and Argentina. The river has falls of up to 80 meters in height. The total width of the Falls in the Brazilian territory is of approximately 800 meters and, on the Argentine side, 1,900 meters. Depending on the river flow, the number of falls varies, reaching more than 100 falls in the average flow periods. The largest volume of water occurs between the months of October to March.

There are 19 main waterfalls, five of them on the Brazilian side and the others on the Argentine side. The layout of the falls in greater quantity on the Argentine side makes the Brazilian side the most appropriate one to appreciate the beauties of the scenery.

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